What is Islam?
Islam is an Arabic word which means “surrender” or “submission”. It derives from the word salam, peace, which also has the meaning of “safety”. A Muslim is someone who submits to the will of God and practices Islam.
What is the Quran?
The Quran is the sacred book of the Muslims and the main source of Law in Islam. The complete Quran is from Allah (God) and each word was revealed to Prophet Muhammad through the angel Jibra’il (Gabriel) piecemeal and was completed over a period of twenty three years.
Who is Prophet Muhammad?
Muhammad, was born in a noble tribe of Mecca in Arabia in the year 570 CE. His ancestry traces back to Prophet Ishmael, one of the two children of Prophet Abraham. His father died before his birth and his mother died when he was six years old. He was raised first by a nursemaid in the desert, as was customary in those days, then by his grandfather and then by his uncle. As a young man, he was known to be a good man, true to his word, never known to go back on his word. At the age of 40, God chose him as a prophet, as foretold by previous prophets such as Moses and Jesus, and through the Gabriel brought the first revelation from God, while he was meditating in the cave of Hira in Mecca. Thereafter, God sent revelations to Prophet Muhammad for a period of 23 years. This book of revelations is called the Quran – his greatest existent miracle and proof of his truthfulness.
Like all prophets before him, he was a human being chosen by God to convey His message to the creation. He ate, drank, slept, and lived like other humans. His knowledge of the future was limited to what God revealed to him. In short, he had no part to play in the running the affairs of the universe. He was not divine, he is not god, and Muslims do not worship him. He was a prophet and messenger, one in a long line of prophets including Abraham, Moses, the Hebrew prophets, and Jesus
What are the pillars of Islam?
Islam has been built on five pillars: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishing the Salaah (prayer), paying the Zakah (obligatory charity), making the Hajj (pilgrimage) to Makkah, and fasting in Ramadan.
What are the Islamic Beliefs?
The basic Islamic Beliefs are the following:
- Belief in Allah
- Belief in the angels of Allah
- Belief in the books of Allah
- Belief in the Messengers of Allah
- Belief in the Day of Judgement
- Belief in predestination or supremacy of Divine Will